Stanford School

Stanford Junior and Infant School

Living together - Learning together

Cooper Lane, Laceby, Grimsby
NE Lincolnshire DN37 7AX
Tel. 01472 318003
Contact. Miss King (Business Manager)


The Intent, Implementation and Impact of our Curriculum – Science

Stanford Infant and Junior School understands the need for all pupils to develop their Scientific ability as an essential component of all subjects and as a subject in its own right. A good understanding of scientific knowledge and conceptual understanding helps to support pupils work across the curriculum.


At Stanford Infant and Junior School we believe that a high quality science education provides the foundations for understanding the world through the specific disciplines of biology, chemistry and physics. Science has changed our lives and is vital to the world’s future prosperity, and all pupils should be taught essential aspects of the knowledge, methods, processes and uses of science. Through building up a body of key foundational knowledge and concepts, pupils should be encouraged to recognise the power of rational explanation and develop a sense of excitement and curiosity about natural phenomena. They should be encouraged to understand how science can be used to explain what is occurring, predict how things will behave, and analyse causes.

Science in our school is about developing children’s ideas and ways of working that enable them to make sense of the world in which they live through investigation, as well as using and applying process skills. The staffs at Stanford Infant and Junior School insure that all children are exposed to high quality teaching and learning experiences, which allow children to explore their outdoor environment and locality, thus developing their scientific enquiry and investigative skills. They are immersed in scientific vocabulary, which aids children’s knowledge and understanding not only of the topic they are studying, but of the world around them. We intend to provide all children regardless of ethnic origin, gender, class, aptitude or disability, with a broad and balanced science curriculum.


In ensuring high standards of teaching and learning in science, we implement a curriculum that is progressive throughout the whole school.

Planning for science is a process in which all teachers are involved to ensure that the school gives full coverage of, ‘The National Curriculum programmes of study for Science 2014’ and, ‘Understanding of the World’ in the Early Years Foundation Stage. Science teaching at School Stanford Infant and Junior involves adapting and extending the curriculum to match all pupils’ needs. Where possible, Science is linked to class themes. Science is taught as discrete units to ensure coverage. Due to one form year groups in our school, Science units are taught on a year rolling programme. This ensures progression between year groups and guarantees topics are covered. Teachers plan to suit their children’s interests, current events, their own teaching style, the use of any support staff and the resources available.

As part of the planning process teachers need to plan the following:

  • A knowledge organiser which outlines knowledge (including vocabulary) all children must master.
  • A cycle of lessons for each subject which carefully plans for progression and depth.
  • Encourage open-mindedness, self-assessment, perseverance, and developing skills of investigation-including: observing, measuring, predicting, hypothesising, experimenting, communicating, interpreting, explaining and evaluating.
  • A diagnostic assessment at the beginning of each new unit and at the end to support learners’ ability to block learning.  
  • Develop the use of scientific language and recording.
  • Making links between science and other subjects.
  • Trips and visits from experts who will enhance the learning experience.

Science is taught consistently, once a week for up to two hours, but is discretely taught in many different contexts throughout all areas of the curriculum.

At Stanford Infant and Junior School we aspire to promote children’s independence and for all children to take responsibility in their own learning, therefore we have implemented self/teacher assessment sheets, which the children use as a working document to track their achievements and progress throughout a topic.


The impact and measure of this is to ensure children not only acquire the appropriate age related knowledge linked to the science curriculum, but also skills which equip them to progress from their starting points, and within their everyday lives.

All children will have:

A wider variety of skills linked to scientific knowledge and understanding, and scientific enquiry/investigative skills.

A richer vocabulary which will enable to articulate their understanding of taught concepts.

High aspirations, which will see them through to further study, work and a successful adult life

Inheritance and Adaptations

We had a great first session on inheritance and adaptations! It was interesting to see the ways we are similar to our parents and which of these characteristics we inherit from our parents, and which are acquired.

We are Scientists - Egg Investigation

In year 4 we have been looking at the effect different foods have on our teeth. We left a hard-boiled egg in vinegar, milk and cola for a week and investigated the effect.

I thought the coke was going to cause decay because it had the most sugar- AB

I thought the egg was going to rot- WV I was surprised the egg in the milk hadn’t fallen apart- OS

I thought the egg in the coke might explode as it is fizzy- OW

The milk surprised me the most because it was mushy like mayonnaise- LD

Investigation Station

Children in foundation stage have been enjoying exploring the 'Investigation Station' within the classroom provision. Children use tools from this area to explore materials and deepen their understanding of the world around them. Exploring scientific questions helps children to build enquiry skills and develop their vocabulary. We always find lots of opportunities across our curriculum, including having lots of funs with pumpkins during Harvest and Halloween.

Digestive System

In year 4 we have been learning about the digestive system. This week we have been modelling digestion using a zip lock bag and tights to show what happens to our food in our bodies. We used the bag to mash up the ingredients and then pour in orange juice for our stomach acid. We then squeezed the mixture through a tight to show the nutrients being removed into the blood in the small intestine before finally travelling through the large intestine and leaving our bodies as waste.

One pupil said, ‘My favourite bit was when I squished the feces out on the plate, it was so fun to do!’ Another pupil commented,

My favourite part was when it came out of the tights! Also it was disgusting’ The class had lots of fun exploring the digestive system and learning the scientific vocabulary.

Fireworks in a cup

Today Year 1 have been scientists! We added warm water, oil and food colouring to make fireworks in a cup. We learnt that water and oil don't mix. We asked scientific questions to extend our learning.

W-"It was SO cool!"

C-"It looks like real fireworks"

S-"I learnt oil is a fat"

C-"The colours were pretty"

Making magnetic games

To finish off our learning about magnets the children were asked to use their knowledge of magnets to create their own games. The children really enjoyed being creative and explaining how their games worked.

Y3 Being a Scientist – Investigating magnetic poles

Today the children explored the magnetic poles of a magnet. They learned how to identify the poles and predicted whether the magnets would attract or repel each other when the poles were the same or different.

The children identified a pattern - that similar poles repel each other and opposite poles attract each other.


Year 6 have thoroughly enjoyed being scientists this week! We have built circuits, using bulbs and buzzers. We evaluated whether ours were complete or incomplete, before assessing what we could do to ensure they were complete. A brilliant lesson!

Year 3 Harvest Live – Scientists at work

Today we joined a live link to see how scientists are working to improve harvests. They are looking at the soil used to see if carrots can be grown carbon free to improve global warning. They are also growing flowers amongst the crops so the insects attracted to the flowers can feed on more harmful creatures who could ruin the crops thus avoiding using chemicals. The children were amazed as they didn't realise how technical farming can be.

Pupil Voice

- I didn't know that carrots could be different colours

- I didn't know that nematodes existed and lived in the soil

- I found out that some parasitic wasps lay their eggs in caterpillars

-I was surprised that they use boxes to track the sound that insects make to identify them

-I didn't realise that plants can affect global warming

Year 3 - Being a scientist - Friction

We have been learning about different forces which act upon objects and this week we looked at friction. This is when a force acts on a moving object to slow it down/stop it. We conducted a comparative investigation to see which surfaces have the most friction and slow down a moving toy car. The children made accurate predictions and enjoyed taking ownership of their investigation.

Year 1's are Scientists!

Today Year 1 have been Scientists! We have been sorting different objects by their materials. We listened to see if different materials made different noises.

Science Investigation - Refraction

This week's science investigation was to explore refraction.

We made predictions about what we thought would happen to an object/image when seen through a glass of water and discussed how light travels differently in different mediums, e.g. water. We explored how this is due to light waves travelling at different speeds and distorting the portrayal of the object.

We will continue to investigate how light travels and how we see things over our next few lessons.

Yorkshire Wildlife Park

Wow! What an amazing day!

Willow and Barley classes had a wonderful day at Yorkshire Wildlife Park last week! The day was spent exploring the park, focusing on the animal's habitats and how animals are adapted to their environment, which links to their science topics of 'Rainforests' and 'Evolution and Inheritence'.

Children visited the different animal's enclosures and discussed the types of vegetation, the similarities and differences between males, females and offsprings and how the animals are well suited to their environments.

It was a fantastic day, made even better by the glorious weather.

Keep checking our class blogs for further work related to our trip.

British Science Week 2022: The Theme of ‘Growth’

Pumpkin Class

This term Pumpkin Class have been learning all about growth from a baby to an adult. They have explored different kinds of animals as well as humans. To begin Science Week, they investigated the heights of their friends.

C- I predicted that J would be the tallest and M would be the shortest in the whole class.

W- It was fun to use our new height chart and get good at measuring in centimetres.

D- I enjoyed our group's work. We had to find out who was the tallest on our table and who was the shortest and then put everyone's measurements in order. It was a challenge, but we did it!

H- I was surprised at how similar our numbers were.

L- I'm going to keep measuring myself to see if I can grow even taller by the summer.

Year 3 - Growing

This week the children have been undertaking tasks linked with growing. This fitted in perfectly with our gardening project in the KS1 playground and our learning about Rocks & Soils. We learnt about how important worms are putting nutrients into the soil and where we would find different types of worms. We then moved some soil into the tyres looking for worms that we could relocate and planted some flowers to make the tyres look pretty. We then went into the nature area to see if we could find worms there. We have put them in a temporary home - our plan is to make a small compost pot so we can observe the worms at work.

Science Week in Year 4

Year 4 have enjoyed having some very practical science investigations this week as part of Science Week. This year's theme was 'growth'.

During one investigation we followed a line of enquiry linked to our rainforest topic and work on deforestation. We were introduced to the conservationist Gerald Durrell and looked at his work linked to Madagascar. We then explored the impact of soil erosion on nutrients as part of the impact of deforestation. We set up a comparative investigation to find out what would happen if the soil also had bark or plants growing from it.

Another practical observation we made was linked to whale call and how they appear to be getting lower in frequency. Scientists speculate that this is linked to a growth in numbers and not having to communicate over long distances. We made observations of how a tuning fork's vibration creates ripples within water. This will link to our work in science on 'sound' next term. The tuning fork was such a low frequency that we had to listen very carefully and closely to hear it.

Year 3 How are fossils made?

In science we have been learning about how fossils are made when creatures die and they are left underground for millions of years. One of the children brought in a lovely example of an ammonite fossil. We learnt that when they die and are buried underground the body of the ammonite rots away leaving a cast fossil. Sometimes this cast is filled with sediment which turns to rock and makes a mould fossil. We used water to show this process adding water to a cast to make an icy 'fossil' of our own.

Y3 - Investigating the properties of rocks

We have learnt that rocks have different properties: density; permeability; durability and hardness. We had a carousel of activities for the children to undertake to test their properties.

Density - how quickly does the rock sink? The quicker it sinks the more dense the rock is Permeability - does it let water through? We dropped water onto it to see if it soaked into the rock or stayed on top.

Hardness - Can it be marked with a table knife?

Durability - does it easily wear away?

When we had investigated this we looked at the different rocks and what properties they had. We found out that sedimentary rock is less dense, permeable. less durable and softer whereas igneous and metamorphic rock which had been changed by heat were harder, impermeable, durable & had a greater density. The children found this work really interesting and loved trying different investigations.

Invertebrate Hunt

Recently, Willow class explored the school grounds in search of invertebrates. After being briefed on how to respectfully handle small creatures, we put on our coats and headed down to the nature area. We used our retrieval skills to remind ourselves how animals can be classified as invertebrates and predicted what we might find. We worked in small groups and used "bug viewers" to explore the invertebrates in greater detail. We found even more than we expected and had a really fun afternoon.

Year 3 - Types of Rocks

In this lesson we learned that rocks come in 3 types: Igneous; Metamorphic & Sedimentary.

Sedimentary rocks are where rocks are formed by layers/bits of sediment pressed together.

Igneous rocks are formed when rocks are melted in magma or lava and cooled down.

Metamorphic rock is formed when sedimentary rocks or igneous rocks are warmed enough to change but they haven't melted.

To help the children understand this we used Starburst to show these processes. Can you look at the pictures and see which types of rocks we were trying to make?


As part of our learning about animals, reception children are exploring crocodiles. We have learnt how to mix two primary colours to make the green we needed to paint crocodiles. We made a huge crocodile outside with wooden bricks. We also painted, drew and cut out crocodiles for a display. In the story making area we used wild animals to make stories about how a crocodile hunts and kills its prey. Look at the fun we’ve had along the way.

Baby Cooper

Marigold, Daisy and Cornflower Class: To help with our keeping clean topic, we were lucky enough to have a lovely visit from Mrs Smith's new baby- Cooper! We watched how Cooper enjoys bath time and what Mrs Smith and his Grandma do to keep Cooper clean. This was a great experience to help us with our understanding of the world which features in the EYFS curriculum.

A big thank you to Mrs Smith, Cooper and his Grandma for coming to visit us, and helping us learn!

Year 3 - Light

Can I investigate which materials are the most reflective?

Today we have looked at reflection and that it involves light bouncing off surfaces. We investigated different materials to find out which are the most reflective. We concluded that materials which are smooth and shiny are the best at reflecting light.

Investigating Conductivity

In Science Juniper class investigated the conductivity of different materials. They set up a simple circuit with a battery and bulb, and used different metals to complete the circuit. They observed the brightness of the bulb with each material and measured the light levels.

Year 3 Science - Light

Today we started our new topic of Light. We looked at different items which produced light, side-tracked slightly as Miss Perrin described why the moon does not produce light but reflects the sun, and thought about what darkness is.

We then played a game where we had to feel things & try to figure out what things are - we realised how much we rely on light and our sight to make sense of our surroundings.

Investigating magnetic poles

The children have learnt that magnets have a north & a south pole. They were asked to predict whether magnets would attract or repel each others depending on which poles were put together.

They discovered that if the same poles were put together they would repel each other but opposite poles would attract.

Year 3 - Can I investigate the strength of different types of magnets?

The children were introduced to different types of magnets: bar magnets; button magnets; ring magnets; horseshoe magnets & cylindrical magnets. They were asked to make a prediction about which type of magnet would be the strongest then we investigated this by seeing how many paper clips the magnet could hold in a chain. The children found this really tricky but they kept persevering. We found that the size of the magnet does not indicate the strength of the magnet.

Can I sort materials using magnets?

First we looked at a magnet and Miss Perrin used iron filings to show its magnetic field. The children found this really fascinating. The children were then asked to predict which materials would be attracted to magnets and which ones wouldn't. They then used magnets to see if their prediction was correct. The children were really surprised to find out that not all metals are attracted to magnets and that some coins are and others are not. The children decided that they must be made from different types of metal.

Can I investigate which materials will dissolve in liquid to make a solution?

Juniper Class predicted and then investigated which materials would dissolve in water to make a solution. We predicted which we thought were soluble and which were insoluble. Sugar is soluble whereas cooking oil is insoluble!

States of matter

Year 4 asked: Can you pour a liquid?

We had lots of great discussion during our investigation into the differences between solid and liquid states of matter. We started by consolidating our learning about how particles behave within solids, liquids and gases.

We then looked at some materials and sorted them into what we thought were solids and liquids.

H: Honey is a thick liquid. We know it is a liquid because it flows together.
L: Honey is a liquid but it has some similar features to a solid.

We tried pouring different materials and noticed that you can pour oats like you would liquid, however we agreed that individual oats are a solid.

H: Oats are solid because you can hold them in your hand.
L: You can pour oats in a group, but they are still a solid

M: When you pour them they bounce and there are gaps between the different oats. This shows they are a solid.
L: When they are poured, they form into a shape or a mound. A liquid would fill the space and lay flat.

The final part of our investigation involved making a mixture using cornflour and water. We found that this reacted differently, depending on whether it was moving or still.

L: When I moved my fingers slowly through it, it reacted like a liquid.
I: When I moved quickly, I could pick it up like a solid. If I kept moving it, it would stay solid. If I relaxed my grip, it would drip like a liquid.
L: If I punch or hit the surface it feels like a solid against my hand.
I: If we apply more force, it reacts like a solid. If we apply less force, it reacts like a liquid.

Can I investigate friction on different surfaces?

In Science we were learning about friction. This is a force between two surfaces that are sliding, or trying to slide, across each other. Friction always slows a moving object down. We chose different surfaces to investigate: bubble wrap, thick carpet, thin carpet, the polished hall floor and lino flooring and thought about how we could investigate this and make it a fair test. Which surface do you think would have the most friction and slow the car down? Watch the clips and see if you were right.


Pumpkin Class have been looking closely at froglets this week. We drew the life cycle of the frog and labelled it using our science vocabulary. We can talk about: frog spawn; tadpoles; changes to their bodies; what they eat; how they live firstly in water and then on land (amphibians); their skin and finally how they mate and lay eggs.

We released them into the school pond and will keep going back to watch them grow. Some of us decided to make the life cycle using play doh!

Friction Experiment

Year 5 have been learning about different forces in science across the year. This week we learned a bit more about the force of friction. We investigated why friction is an important force when it comes to things like brakes on scooters and bikes. In order to investigate friction, we tested how long it took a scooter wheel to slow down, using a variety of different materials. The different materials were our independent variable, which meant that we had to keep all of our other variables the same for each test. It was also a lovely opportunity to get outside in the sun.

Parts of a Plant

On Friday, Pumpkin Class created collages with felt to show our knowledge of parts of a plant. In Science we have learnt about the different parts of a plant and their purpose. We used our art skills of collage to cut felt and create our masterpieces. What do you think?

Science Investigation - Light

Our Science topic during Summer 1 is 'Light'.

We have been learning about light sources, how light travels in straight lines and how light travels to enable us to see objects.

We conducted a Scientific Investigation to find out if the distance of the light source from the object affects the shadow size - including a title, prediction (hypothesis), equipment list, method, results chart, conclusion and evaluation.

M - It was really interesting to see the shadow increase, I thought they would just stay the same because the shape we made was the same each time!

F - We know ours was a fair test because we had controlled and independent variables and measured everything really accurately with the ruler.


In Science we worked as teams to act out the life cycle of a flowering part. We tried to include the scientific vocabulary: germination, growing and flowering, pollination, fertilization and seed formation and seed dispersal.

Growing and Changing

Today Pumpkin Class have been looking at their plants to make scientific observations. Two weeks ago, on our Hook Day, we planted lots of seeds and today, two weeks later, we are looking to see what differences there are.

Sunflower Seeds

Wow! In two weeks this is what we noticed:

“I can see a root growing through the bottom of the pot!”
“The seed coat of the sunflower is stuck to a leaf”
“My sunflower has a stem which is tall.”
“The shoot is reaching for the sun and the root is going down.”


Our beans are planted in plastic bags so we can easily see the changes. This is what we observed:

“Some beans have grown more than others.”
“Most have cracked open.”
“One bean is growing smaller roots on the large root!”

We made some great observational drawings too.

Crime Scene Investigators!

Our Hook Day is based on our history topic this term, 'Crime and Punishment'.

We came into school to discover that a crime had been committed - someone had stolen our iPad!

We observed the crime scene, collected evidence, sketched the crimes scene and narrowed down our investigation to four suspects.

From this we then learnt about handwriting analysis, fingerprint lifting, chromatography, classifying fingerprints and discussing alibis and motives!

We had a brilliant day and cannot wait to find out more about how crime and punishments have changed over time.